About Facebook http://www.asipeko.com Fri, 20 Dec 2019 17:53:06 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.3.2 165068026 Removing Coordinated Inauthentic Behavior From Georgia, Vietnam and the US http://www.asipeko.com/news/2019/12/removing-coordinated-inauthentic-behavior-from-georgia-vietnam-and-the-us/ Fri, 20 Dec 2019 18:00:06 +0000 http://www.asipeko.com/?p=21055 Graphic of a shield

We removed two unconnected networks of accounts, Pages and Groups for engaging in foreign and government interference on Facebook and Instagram.

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Today, we removed two unconnected networks of accounts, Pages and Groups for engaging in foreign and government interference — which is coordinated inauthentic behavior on behalf of a government or foreign actor — on Facebook and Instagram. The first operation originated in the country of Georgia and targeted domestic audiences. The second originated in Vietnam and the US and focused mainly on the US, and some on Vietnam and Spanish and Chinese-speaking audiences globally. Each of them created networks of accounts to mislead others about who they were and what they were doing. We have shared information about our findings with industry partners.

We’re constantly working to detect and stop this type of activity because we don’t want our services to be used to manipulate people. We’re taking down these Pages, Groups and accounts based on their behavior, not the content they posted. In each of these cases, the people behind this activity coordinated with one another and used fake accounts to misrepresent themselves, and that was the basis for our action.

We are making progress rooting out this abuse, but as we’ve said before, it’s an ongoing challenge. We’re committed to continually improving to stay ahead. That means building better technology, hiring more people and working closer with law enforcement, security experts and other companies.

What We’ve Found So Far

Today, we removed 39 Facebook accounts, 344 Pages, 13 Groups and 22 Instagram accounts as part of a domestic-focused network that originated in the country of Georgia. The people behind this activity used fake accounts — some of which had been previously disabled by our automated systems — to increase engagement on their content and manage Pages. These Pages posed as news organizations and impersonated political parties, public figures, activist groups and media entities. The Page admins and account owners typically posted about domestic news and political issues such as elections, government policies, public officials, criticism of the opposition and local activist organizations. Although the people behind this activity attempted to conceal their identities and coordination, our investigation linked this activity to Panda, an advertising agency in Georgia, and the Georgian Dream-led government.

  • Presence on Facebook and Instagram: 39 Facebook accounts, 344 Pages, 13 Groups and 22 accounts on Instagram.
  • Followers: About 442,300 accounts followed one or more of these Pages, about 52,000 accounts joined at least one of these Groups and around 2,100 people followed one or more of these Instagram accounts.
  • Advertising: Less than $316,000 in spending for ads on Facebook and Instagram paid for in US dollars. That includes the entirety of advertising activity by both inauthentic and authentic accounts removed as part of this network engaged in coordinated inauthentic behavior.

We identified these accounts through our investigation into suspected coordinated inauthentic behavior in the region. Our investigation benefited from public reporting.

Below is a sample of the content posted by some of these Pages:

Translation: “There will be University city in Kutaisi that will also host scientific and leisure centres – this will be state university” – says chairman of “Georgian Dream – Democratic Georgia” Bidzina Ivanishvili in the interview regarding building international university in Kutaisi. Interview is shared by international university of Kutaisi. Ivanishvili says, that building university city is his long time gream. In 2007 Bidzina Ivanishsvili..
Translation: Anri Okhanashvili: group of prosecutor’s advisors thinks, that existing evidence is enough to file charges against Khazaradze and Japaridze Anri Okhanashvili is talking about the evidence in the Khazaradze-Japaridze case and clarifies that general prosecutor of Georgia, due to the high public interest, made an important decision, when he decided to make the process open and he made it open so that international experts could participate as well. “Overall, advisors..
Page Title: National Media. Post Translation: “Eka Beselia: “Spending was minimal.” – Who paid 17K laris for a philharmonic hall?”

We also removed 610 accounts, 89 Facebook Pages, 156 Groups and 72 Instagram accounts that originated in Vietnam and the US and focused primarily on the US and and some on Vietnam, Spanish and Chinese-speaking audiences globally. This activity primarily focused on The BL, a US-based media company, and its Pages, which were operated by individuals in the US and Vietnam. The people behind this activity made widespread use of fake accounts — many of which had been automatically removed by our systems — to manage Pages and Groups, automate posting at very high frequencies and direct traffic to off-platform sites. Some of these accounts used profile photos generated by artificial intelligence and masqueraded as Americans to join Groups and post the BL content. To evade our enforcement, they used a combination of fake and authentic accounts of local individuals in the US to manage Pages and Groups. The Page admins and account owners typically posted memes and other content about US political news and issues including impeachment, conservative ideology, political candidates, elections, trade, family values and freedom of religion.

Although the people behind this network attempted to conceal their identities and coordination, our investigation linked this activity to Epoch Media Group, a US-based media organization, and individuals in Vietnam working on its behalf. The BL-focused network repeatedly violated a number of our policies, including our policies against coordinated inauthentic behavior, spam and misrepresentation, to name just a few. The BL is now banned from Facebook. We are continuing to investigate all linked networks, and will take action as appropriate if we determine they are engaged in deceptive behavior.

  • Presence on Facebook and Instagram: 610 Facebook accounts, 89 Pages, 156 Groups and 72 accounts on Instagram.
  • Followers: About 55 million accounts followed one or more of these Pages (the vast majority of which were outside of the US), about 381,500 accounts joined at least one of these Groups and around 92,000 people followed one or more of these Instagram accounts.
  • Advertising: Less than $9.5M in spending for ads on Facebook and Instagram paid for primarily in US dollars, and some in Korean won, Vietnamese dong, Indonesian rupiah, Australian dollars, the New Taiwan dollars and Canadian dollars. That includes the entirety of advertising activity by both inauthentic and authentic accounts removed as part of this network engaged in coordinated inauthentic behavior.

We identified this activity through our internal investigation into suspected coordinated inauthentic behavior. Our assessment benefited from open source reporting.

Below is a sample of the content posted by some of these Pages:

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An Update on Our Efforts to Combat Terrorism Online http://www.asipeko.com/news/2019/12/counterterrorism-efforts-update/ Fri, 20 Dec 2019 16:00:02 +0000 http://www.asipeko.com/?p=21030 Logo of a globe with a branch representing the Global Internet Forum to Counter Terrorism (GIFCT)

This year, we faced new threats in how terrorists and violent extremists seek to exploit digital platforms, but we made significant progress in our work to combat and prevent them.

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Logo of a globe with a branch representing the Global Internet Forum to Counter Terrorism (GIFCT)

A Recap of Facebook’s Year as Chair of the Global Internet Forum to Counter Terrorism

In the summer of 2017, Facebook, Microsoft, Twitter and YouTube came together to form the Global Internet Forum to Counter Terrorism (GIFCT). Since then, the organization has grown, with nine technology companies working together to disrupt terrorists’ and violent extremists’ abilities to promote themselves, share propaganda and exploit digital platforms to glorify real-world acts of violence. This year, we made significant progress in our work, but we also faced new challenges. New threats emerged in how terrorists and violent extremists seek to exploit and abuse digital platforms, and we adapted our efforts to combat and prevent them.

Focusing on Collaboration
We’ve made progress in large part by working together as a collective of technology companies, but we’ve also partnered with experts in government, civil society and academia who share our goal. For example, by working with the UN CTED mandated NGO, Tech Against Terrorism, GIFCT has brought over 140 tech companies, 40 NGOs and 15 government bodies together in workshops across the world to date. This year, we held four workshops – in the US, Jordan, India and the UK – to discuss and study the latest trends in terrorist and violent extremist activity online.

These collaborations are vital to GIFCT’s mission. That’s why we announced at the United Nations General Assembly in September that GIFCT would become an independent organization in order to put collaborations across tech, civil society, government and academia at the center of GIFCT’s work. GIFCT is now established as an independent 501c3 based in the US, and we are officially seeking an experienced Executive Director to build on the consortium’s early achievements and lead the independent GIFCT into the next decade.

Responding to Terrorist and Violent Extremist Events
It’s been an important year for GIFCT and efforts to combat abuse of our platforms. The abuse of social media to glorify the horrific terrorist attack in Christchurch, New Zealand demonstrated the need for greater collaboration to respond to mass violence in order to curb the spread of violent extremist content. Since the Christchurch Call to Action was signed in May 2019, GIFCT has worked to implement the nine-point plan to prevent terrorist exploitation of the internet while respecting human rights and freedom of speech.

As part of this plan, GIFCT developed the Content Incident Protocol to respond to emerging and active terrorist or violent extremist events and assess for any potential online content produced and disseminated by those responsible for or aiding in the attack. Since the attack in Christchurch, GIFCT member companies have developed, refined and tested the protocol through workshops with Europol and the New Zealand Government. To date, we’ve initiated the CIP assessment process more than 35 times in response to terrorist and violent extremist events across the world. The first CIP was activated on October 9, following the shooting in Halle, Germany when the perpetrator filmed his attack and copies of the original livestream circulated on non-GIFCT member platforms. Ultimately, GIFCT shared hashes, or digital fingerprints, related to 36 visually-distinct videos from the attack so that member companies could quickly detect and remove any instances of the content on their respective platforms.

Developing Resources to Further Our Work
At GIFCT’s Annual Summit in July we released our first ever transparency report and launched a cross-platform Campaign Toolkit for activists and practitioners. We also reached our 2019 goal to contribute over 200,000 hashes, or digital fingerprints, of known terrorist images and video propaganda to our shared industry database allowing us to safely share this content so member companies can quickly identify and take action on potential terrorist content on their respective platforms.

Supporting Research and Knowledge Sharing
Conducting and funding research to study counterterrorism and terrorism is a critical part of our work and was a key focus this year. In 2019, we supported the first phase of the GIFCT Academic Research Network, the Global Research Network on Terrorism and Technology. This phase was led by the Royal United Services Institute and produced 13 original independent research papers looking at different aspects of terrorism. We also announced that phase 2 of the Academic Research Network, the Global Network on Extremism and Technology, will begin in January 2020 and will be led by the International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation.

What’s Next
Facebook’s chair of GIFCT this year brought important milestones for the organization and we remain dedicated to supporting this work as GIFCT is established as a standalone organization with an independent Executive Director and staff. In 2020, Microsoft will assume the chair of the independent GIFCT’s Operating Board, within the new governance framework of the institution. In addition to the Executive Director and staff, GIFCT’s structure will include an Independent Advisory Council composed of government representatives and civil society members, including advocacy groups, human rights specialists, researchers and technical experts, and a series of Working Groups designed to allow a wide range of stakeholders to deep-dive on key issues.

As GIFCT enters a new phase, we are proud of what has been accomplished and excited about next steps. We thank all of our partners for their work to date, and we’ll continue to collaborate with a range of experts to improve our collective ability to prevent terrorists and violent extremists from exploiting digital platforms.

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Helping to Protect the 2020 US Census http://www.asipeko.com/news/2019/12/helping-protect-the-us-census/ Thu, 19 Dec 2019 16:00:25 +0000 http://www.asipeko.com/?p=21027 Photo of Facebook employees working on protecting election integrity.

We're updating our Community Standards to prohibit census interference in posts on Facebook and Instagram, and we're banning ads that aim to limit census participation.

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Photo of Facebook employees working on protecting election integrity.

Next year, all US households will be able to complete the US census online for the first time. As the format of the census evolves, so do the ways that people share information about the census. This means we have to be more vigilant about protecting against census interference across posts and ads on Facebook and Instagram and help promote an accurate count of every person in the country.

Today, we are announcing a new census interference policy that bans misleading information about when and how to participate in the census and the consequences of participating. We are also introducing a new advertising policy that prohibits ads that portray census participation as useless or meaningless or advise people not to participate in the census. These policies are due in large part to the work being done with the civil rights community through our civil rights audit and represent the culmination of a months-long process between Facebook, the US Census Bureau and experts with diverse backgrounds to develop thoughtful rules around prohibiting census interference on our platforms and making sure people can use their voice to be counted.

Updating Our Community Standards to Ban Census Interference

Our census interference policy will prohibit:

  • Misrepresentation of the dates, locations, times and methods for census participation;
  • Misrepresentation of who can participate in the census and what information and/or materials must be provided in order to participate;
  • Content stating that census participation may or will result in law enforcement consequences;?
  • Misrepresentation of government involvement in the census, including that an individual’s census information will be shared with another government agency; and?
  • Calls for coordinated interference that would affect an individual’s ability to participate in the census, enforcement of which often requires additional information and context.

We will begin enforcement next month and use a combination of technology and people to proactively identify content that may violate this policy. All content surfaced will be assessed by a team of reviewers who will benefit from the training and guidance of a consultant with census expertise. And as with voter interference, content that violates our census interference policy will not be allowed to remain on our platforms as newsworthy even if posted by a politician.

Content that does not violate this policy, but may still be inaccurate, will be eligible for fact-checking by our third-party partners and, if rated false, will have more prominent labels and will be ranked lower in News Feed. We will also fight against potential misinformation by sharing accurate, non-partisan information about how to participate in the census in consultation with the US Census Bureau.

It’s important to note that our census interference policy is one of several policies that protect against abusive behavior that may be related to the census. Our violence and incitement policies, for example, prohibit threats of and incitement to violence. We don’t allow attempts to gather sensitive personal information by deceptive or invasive methods as laid out under our cybersecurity policies. We also have policies to protect against privacy violations if we were to learn about the posting or sharing of hacked census data or phishing attempts to gain access to personally identifiable information. Similarly, our bullying and harassment policies aim to protect against potential harassment or intimidation.

Banning Ads that Aim to Limit Census Participation?

While all ads must adhere to our Community Standards and therefore cannot include things like harassment or threats of violence, we are also introducing a new advertising policy that prohibits ads that portray census participation as useless or meaningless or advise people not to participate in the census. In addition, ads about the census will be subject to the increased transparency requirements for issue ads. This means any advertiser who wants to run an ad about the census will have to complete our strengthened authorization process for ads about social issues, elections or politics and include a disclaimer on such ads so people know who paid for them. These ads will be saved in our Ad Library for at least seven years.

Partnering with the US Census Bureau and Other Experts

Our work to help protect the census from interference is strengthened thanks to input from Members of Congress, the Census Bureau and other experts. We support the bipartisan resolution introduced by Senators Schatz and Murkowski to ensure the census is fair and accurate, and to encourage everyone in the US to be counted. We have also met with Census officials multiple times to brief them on our plans and coordinate with them to disrupt census interference, and we’re working with the Census Bureau to identify trusted partners who will be able to flag potentially suppressive census content on Facebook and Instagram.?

We’ve set up a multi-disciplinary team across product, engineering, policy, operations and legal to work on protecting and promoting the census. We are also using our operations center for real-time monitoring of potential census interference so that we can quickly address any abuse.?

We are also working with local officials and Census Bureau partners by giving them access to CrowdTangle displays, a Facebook tool used to track how content spreads online. CrowdTangle has already helped fact-checkers and local governments ahead of elections by monitoring for potential misinformation and suppressive content, so we plan to use the same tools and preparedness mechanisms to monitor census-related content on Facebook and Instagram. We have also joined Get Out The Count efforts in partnership with the Census Bureau and will continue to train organizations identified by the Bureau on how to encourage census participation.

We must do our part to ensure an accurate census count, which is critical for the distribution of federal funds, the apportioning of electoral representatives and the functioning of a democracy. We believe that the partnerships, policies and products we’ve developed this year have put us on strong footing heading into next year’s census.

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Helping Fact-Checkers Identify False Claims Faster http://www.asipeko.com/news/2019/12/helping-fact-checkers/ Tue, 17 Dec 2019 20:30:22 +0000 http://www.asipeko.com/?p=21008 Graphic showing Facebook users conducting research on potentially false claims in Facebook content by finding other sources online that either confirm or contradict the claim.

We’re announcing a new program that will allow fact-checkers to quickly see whether a group of Facebook users found a potentially false claim to be corroborated or contradicted.

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Graphic showing Facebook users conducting research on potentially false claims in Facebook content by finding other sources online that either confirm or contradict the claim.

We’ve made significant progress reducing misinformation through our partnership with some of the world’s leading fact-checkers. Today, we’re announcing a new pilot program built to leverage the Facebook community. It will allow fact-checkers to quickly see whether a representative group of Facebook users found a claim to be corroborated or contradicted. Our goal is to help fact-checkers address false content faster.

The program will have community reviewers work as researchers to find information that can contradict the most obvious online hoaxes or corroborate other claims. These community reviewers are not Facebook employees but instead will be hired as contractors through one of our partners. They are not making final decisions themselves. Instead, their findings will be shared with the third-party fact-checkers as additional context as they do their own official review.

For example, if there is a post claiming that a celebrity has died and community reviewers don’t find any other sources reporting that news — or see a report that the same celebrity is performing later that day — they can flag that the claim isn’t corroborated. Fact-checkers will then see this information as they review and rate the post.?

We started exploring this idea earlier this year. Since then, we’ve worked with experts and partners across many fields to understand how we can better support our fact-checking partners in their effort to review content faster.?

Here’s how it will work:?

  • Our machine learning model identifies potential misinformation using a variety of signals. These include comments on the post that express disbelief, and whether a post is being shared by a Page that has spread misinformation in the past.?
  • If there is an indication that a post may be misinformation, it will be sent to a diverse group of community reviewers.
  • These community reviewers will be asked to identify the main claim in the post. They will then conduct research to find other sources that either support or refute that claim, similar to the way a person using Facebook may search for other news articles to assess it if they believe the main claim in a post. Fact-checking partners will then be able to see the collective assessment of community reviewers as a signal in selecting which stories to review and rate.?

To ensure the pool of community reviewers represents the diversity of people on Facebook, we’re partnering with YouGov, a global public opinion and data company. YouGov conducted an independent study of community reviewers and Facebook users. They determined that the requirements used to select community reviewers led to a pool that is representative of the Facebook community in the US and reflects the diverse viewpoints — including political ideology — of Facebook users. They also found the judgments of corroborating claims by community reviewers were consistent with what most people using Facebook would conclude.

We’re piloting this process in the US over the coming months and we’ll closely evaluate how it’s working through our own research, help from academics and feedback from our third-party fact-checking partners. We believe that by combining the expertise of third-party fact-checkers with a group of community-based reviewers, we can evaluate misinformation faster and make even more progress reducing its prevalence on Facebook.?

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Combatting Misinformation on Instagram http://www.asipeko.com/news/2019/12/combatting-misinformation-on-instagram/ Mon, 16 Dec 2019 21:32:19 +0000 http://www.asipeko.com/?p=20998 Three screenshots of misinformation treatments on Instagram

We’re expanding our fact-checking program globally.

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Three screenshots of misinformation treatments on Instagram

We want you to trust what you see on Instagram. Photo and video based misinformation is increasingly a challenge across our industry, and something our teams have been focused on addressing. In May of this year, we began working with?third-party fact-checkers?in the US to help identify, review and label false information. These partners independently assess false information to help us catch it and reduce its distribution. Today, we’re expanding our fact-checking program globally to allow fact-checking organizations around the world to assess and rate misinformation on our platform.

What Does This Mean?

When content has been?rated?as false or partly false by a third-party fact-checker, we reduce its distribution by removing it from Explore and hashtag pages. In addition,?it will be labeled?so people can better decide for themselves what to read, trust, and share.?When these labels are applied, they will appear to everyone around the world viewing that content – in feed, profile, stories, and direct messages.

We use image matching technology to find further instances of this content and apply the label, helping reduce the spread of misinformation. In addition, if something is rated false or partly false on Facebook, starting today we’ll automatically label identical content if it is posted on Instagram (and vice versa).?The label will link out to the rating from the fact-checker and provide links to articles from credible sources that debunk the claim(s) made in the post.?We make content from accounts that repeatedly receive these labels harder to find by removing it from Explore and hashtag pages.

To determine which content should be sent to fact-checkers for review, we use a combination of feedback from our community and technology. Earlier this year, we added a “False Information” feedback option, and these reports, along with other signals, help us to better identify and take action on potentially false information.

Today’s expansion is an important step in our ongoing efforts to fight misinformation on Instagram. For more information, visit the Instagram?Help Center.

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Our Progress on Leading the Fight Against Online Bullying http://www.asipeko.com/news/2019/12/our-progress-on-leading-the-fight-against-online-bullying/ Mon, 16 Dec 2019 17:38:09 +0000 http://www.asipeko.com/?p=20994 We’ve developed AI that can recognize different forms of bullying on Instagram.

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Starting today, we are rolling out a new feature on Instagram that notifies people when their captions on a photo or video may be considered offensive, and gives them a chance to pause and reconsider their words before posting.

As part of our long-term commitment to lead the fight against online bullying, we’ve developed and tested AI that can recognize different forms of bullying on Instagram.?Earlier this year, we launched a feature?that notifies people when their comments may be considered offensive before they’re posted. Results have been promising, and we’ve found that these types of nudges can encourage people to reconsider their words when given a chance.

Three screenshots showing caption warning on Instagram

Today, when someone writes a caption for a feed post and our AI detects the caption as potentially offensive, they will receive a prompt informing them that their caption is similar to those reported for bullying. They will have the opportunity to edit their caption before it’s posted.

In addition to limiting the reach of bullying, this warning helps educate people on what we don’t allow on Instagram, and when an?account may be at risk of?breaking our rules. To start, this feature will be rolling out in select countries, and we’ll begin expanding globally in the coming months.

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Ready for California’s New Privacy Law http://www.asipeko.com/news/2019/12/californias-new-privacy-law/ Thu, 12 Dec 2019 17:00:10 +0000 http://www.asipeko.com/?p=20962 We're ready for the California Consumer Privacy Act to come into effect because of the many investments we've made across our products to help people everywhere easily manage their privacy and understand their choices with respect to their data.

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We believe companies should be held to a high standard in explaining what data they collect and how they use it, and that people should have robust individual privacy rights no matter where they live. While we think a strong federal privacy law is the best way to ensure consistent privacy rights for people throughout the United States, Facebook supported the passage of the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) in 2018 because our global commitment to privacy is strongly aligned with its underlying principles of transparency and control.?

In a few weeks, the CCPA will come into effect and extend new data privacy rights to Californians. We are ready for its arrival in part because we’ve made many long-term investments across our products to help people everywhere easily manage their privacy and understand their choices with respect to their data. For example, we built self-serve tools that let people access, download and delete their information. We make these tools available to everyone on Facebook, regardless of where they live.?

The CCPA also requires companies to provide people with thorough descriptions of their privacy practices, including whether they sell people’s data. We’re committed to clearly explaining how our products work, including the fact that we do not sell people’s data. Reviewing our Data Policy is still the best way to find clear, detailed information about how we process data. And in January, we will introduce a new supplemental notice that explains some of the information in our Data Policy in light of the CCPA’s requirements, including how people can exercise their rights under the law.?

Supporting Our Business Partners?

To comply with the CCPA, businesses will have to assess whether their data transfer activities constitute a “sale” of data under the law. The CCPA recognizes that many common activities are not “sales,” such as if a consumer directs a business to share their information, or if a consumer’s information is transferred for a business purpose with certain limitations on the recipient’s use.

We encourage advertisers and publishers that use our services to reach their own decisions on how to best comply with the law. To help them manage their compliance, we are making updated contractual commitments available to clarify that we will only use our partners’ data for the business purposes described in our contracts with them. We will continue to be an active listener to best support our business partners and we’ll evolve our approach in accordance with new developments in the law and in further pursuit of our global commitment to privacy.

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An Update on Building a Global Oversight Board http://www.asipeko.com/news/2019/12/oversight-board-update/ Thu, 12 Dec 2019 15:55:22 +0000 http://www.asipeko.com/?p=20967 Graphic of people around a globe representing the Oversight Board.

We're sharing the progress we’ve made in building a new organization with independent oversight over how Facebook makes decisions on content.

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Graphic of people around a globe representing the Oversight Board.

Last November, Mark Zuckerberg wrote about his vision for what content governance should look like for Facebook. Since then, we’ve been laying the groundwork for a new organization with independent oversight over how Facebook makes decisions on content. Today, we’re sharing an update on the progress we’ve made and where we’re heading in 2020.??

  • At the end of last year, we started a global consultation on how we should design this Oversight Board, guided by the release of a draft charter in January.?
  • In April, we opened a public consultation process to allow anyone interested to submit their ideas and opinions on the design of the board.?
  • In June, we published the global input we received from experts in human rights, speech, journalism, safety and law.
  • This feedback informed an updated charter, which we released in September. We also outlined in more detail how the process for selecting the board’s first set of members will work and opened a recommendations portal to accept nominations and applications from anyone interested in serving as a member.
  • And in November, we put out a request for proposals for independent research and advocacy work to support online content governance more broadly, beyond the Oversight Board.??

We’ve also made progress building the infrastructure that the board will need to deliberate cases. This includes a new case management tool which will provide secure access to case information and allow board members to collaborate from locations all over the world.??

We’d like to share two additional updates today, both of which were based on the feedback we received through our global consultation.??

The Oversight Board Trust?

We’ve established the independent Oversight Board Trust to ensure the board can safeguard its ability to make independent decisions and recommendations. This critical component of the board’s governance structure has been created as a Non-Charitable Purpose Trust under Delaware law. We’re releasing the trust documents, which include both a Trust Agreement and an LLC Operating Agreement that will facilitate contracts with board members and employ staff, separate from Facebook.??

The board will have its own staff, independent from Facebook. To start, we expect this staff to include a director, case managers and dedicated staff members (or contracted services) who can support things such as the board’s communications, legal, human resources and research needs.??

The trust will ensure good governance and accountability, as stated in the board’s charter, by maintaining process and administrative oversight over the board. For example, it will be responsible for overseeing the board’s funding, which includes administering payroll and accounting, ensuring tax compliance and reviewing the board’s annual budget. It will also formally appoint and remove members in accordance with the forthcoming bylaws and code of conduct.??

The trust will have at least three individual trustees and a corporate trustee, Brown Brothers Harriman Trust Company of Delaware, N.A., a corporate trust company with extensive experience handling large trusts. Facebook is currently conducting a search for the individual trustees, with the support of the global leadership advisory and executive search firm Spencer Stuart. We will announce these trustees next year.?

Facebook has made an initial commitment of $130 million, which will cover operational costs such as office space, staff and travel expenses, and should allow the board to operate for at least its first two full terms, approximately 6 years. The board will submit a yearly budget to the trust for approval and disbursement of funds. Annual reports from the board and trust will help to document the health and effectiveness of the board, including its stewardship of these resources. Facebook intends to continue funding the board’s operations in the future, and these reports will be used to assess the need for additional, substantive and long-term funding.??

The initial funding and any future funding will be available at the discretion of the trust and the board, and they are separate from the investments Facebook has already made to run the year-long global consultation, develop new infrastructure and tools to support the board’s operations, and otherwise plan for the board’s establishment.??

A Human Rights Impact Assessment for the Board

We feel a responsibility and have received feedback that the board should be grounded in human rights principles, including the rights to freedom of expression, privacy and remedy. With that in mind, we worked with BSR, an independent nonprofit organization with expertise in human rights practices and policies, to commission a Human Rights Impact Review to help understand how best to structure the board so that it respects and promotes human rights. The recommendations in the assessment, including on the diversity of board members, remedies, user support, transparent communications and privacy-protective tools, have helped inform the board’s charter, as well as its bylaws. We hope the assessment will also serve as a resource for board members as they begin their work.?

What’s Next?

The feedback we’ve received throughout the year from experts and stakeholders around the world will continue to drive the development of the board, a set of recommended bylaws and member selection.?

As stated in the charter, the bylaws will help the board create and codify its operating procedures. They will also clearly outline the partnership between the board, the trust, Facebook and, most importantly, the community of people who use our platforms.??

In addition, we will continue to work with outside experts to source and review candidates for board membership, including those who’ve been recommended through the public portal, which we opened in September. This call for recommendations has resulted in submissions from people from a range of disciplines and backgrounds, which we are actively reviewing and taking under consideration as part of our membership selection process. We’ve seen strong global interest in serving on the board, and this is a sign that we are heading in the right direction. While we had hoped to announce members by the end of this year, we’ve decided to take additional time to consider the many candidates who continue to be put forward.

We are eager to see the Oversight Board take shape and start hearing cases next year.

The post An Update on Building a Global Oversight Board appeared first on About Facebook.

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Introducing Star Wars-Themed Messenger Features http://www.asipeko.com/news/2019/12/star-wars-messenger-features/ Thu, 12 Dec 2019 08:01:57 +0000 http://www.asipeko.com/?p=20950 Phone screens showing Star Wars AR effects, chat theme and stickers in Messenger.

We're celebrating the premiere of Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker by giving fans a series of limited-edition Star Wars Messenger features including a chat theme, reactions, stickers?and AR effects.?

The post Introducing Star Wars-Themed Messenger Features appeared first on About Facebook.

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Phone screens showing Star Wars AR effects, chat theme and stickers in Messenger.

Excited, we are, to celebrate the premiere of Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker, by giving fans the opportunity to share their passion for the movie through a series of limited-edition Messenger features that include a chat theme, reactions, stickers?and AR effects.?

Designed in partnership with Disney, the features bring the Star Wars galaxy to your very own Messenger chats. The reactions and stickers allow you to express yourself using all of your favorite Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker characters, from both sides of the Force.

Phone screens showing Star Wars Messenger chat theme.

We’ve also teamed up with Disney to create limited-edition AR effects that will have you feeling like you’re a part of the galactic action when you’re making Messenger video calls and taking photos using the Messenger camera. First, jump into hyperspace and travel to a whole new world with the Lightspeed Effect. Then, you’ll be able to see yourself as part of the Resistance, gliding through the galaxies in Poe Dameron’s X-Wing with the Cockpit Effect. And don’t forget about the battle of the Dark vs. Light side of the Force! Now, you can use the Dark vs. Light Effect to choose your side.?

Phone screens showing Star Wars AR effects in Messenger

Messenger brings a community of over one billion users closer to the people, places and passions they care about. We are thrilled to be partnering with Disney as they premiere the final installment in the Skywalker saga, one of the most beloved movie franchises of all time.

To turn on the Star Wars chat theme, open a Messenger thread and tap the name of the thread at the top to open the thread settings. Then, select “theme” where you’ll find the Star Wars chat theme.?

May the force be with you!?

The post Introducing Star Wars-Themed Messenger Features appeared first on About Facebook.

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Facebook’s Response to Open Letter on Private Messaging http://www.asipeko.com/news/2019/12/facebooks-response-to-open-letter-on-private-messaging/ Tue, 10 Dec 2019 18:46:27 +0000 http://www.asipeko.com/?p=20937 Read our response to the open letter from policymakers on private messaging.

The post Facebook’s Response to Open Letter on Private Messaging appeared first on About Facebook.

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Read our response to the open letter from policymakers on private messaging.

The post Facebook’s Response to Open Letter on Private Messaging appeared first on About Facebook.

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